Importancia de la Retícula en Diseño Gráfico • Ilka Perea Studio

Importance of Grid in Graphic Design

While some designers avoid the use of the grid in order to achieve free and intuitive design, the most successful have done so by relying on it. The importance of grid in graphic design lies not only in the arrangement of the elements in design but also in the elegance and aesthetics of the entire design.

Boletín Crusamtino designed by Katherine Ramos and Kristhel Domínguez
A grid gives structure to the editorial designs as in the Boletín Crusamtino, a monthly publication designed by Katherine Ramos and Kristhel Domínguez.

The main goal of a grid is to establish a set of guidelines on how elements should be placed within a design. In other words, grids make content accessible and helping the viewer understand where to find the following information throughout the design. As a result, the viewer will naturally identify these breakdowns and be drawn to them, giving the designer the opportunity to play with the hierarchy of a layout and modify the meaning of a project.

In addition, there is a theory about design called Aesthetic Usability Effect. Essentially, this theory states that when something is designed to be beautiful, consequently and naturally, it will be something that will also be easily usable. This is a very important concept in all design: from architecture to graphics, a well-designed grid makes your design not only more beautiful but also more useful!

Grid

Importance of Grid in Graphic Design: Fotografía de Moda en CEFERE .
A grid is an imaginary group of lines that serves as a visual support for the distribution of elements within a composition, as in this portfolio. Photo: Fotografía de Moda en CEFERE .

What is a Grid?

In graphic design, the grid is a structure based on lines, generally vertical and horizontal, which helps to order coherently all the elements of the composition, so they are:

  • title
  • subtitle
  • body text
  • images
  • footer and image credit
  • outstanding ideas
  • pagination

Among the parts of the grid, modules are cells generated by the imaginary lines. So, modules are where the elements are placed with different distributions. Moreover, the grid is not only about squares but also about proportions. This is the most important concept in the theory of the grid.

Besides, all grids can be designed in two ways:

  • Symmetrical
  • Asymmetrical
Symmetrical grid and Asymmetrical grid

Symmetrical grids follow a central line. The vertical margins are equal to each other, as well as the horizontal ones. Likewise, columns also have the same width in a symmetrical grid.

However, in an asymmetrical grid, both margins and columns can be different from each other. It is important to always seek balance when using an asymmetrical design.

Just as in nature systems of order govern the growth and structure of animate and inanimate matter, so human activity itself has, since the earliest times, been distinguished by the quest for order.

– Josef Müller-Brockmann

The grid has been for a long time an invaluable tool for creating order where there is chaos. In recent years, the grid system has become fundamental to web design with the development of “CSS Responsive” for adaptability to desktop and mobile devices. Actually, web design is not conceived without the use of a grid.

Importance of Grid

Importance of Grid in Graphic Design: Grid Systems by Josef Müller-Brockmann • Ilka Perea Studio
Grid Systems in Graphic Design. Josef Müller-Brockmann.

What is a Grid for?

As Josef Müller-Brockmann explains in his book Grid Systems: “Typographers, graphic designers, photographers, and exhibition designers use the grid to solve visual problems in two and three dimensions”.

He continues: “Organizing surfaces and spaces according to a grid allows the designer to arrange texts, photographs, diagrams, etc., according to objective and functional criteria. The visual elements are reduced to a few formats of equal dimensions. The size of the illustrations is established according to their thematic importance”.

Importance of Grid in Graphic Design: Fashion Photographic Portafolio • Ilka Perea Studio

Benefits

The importance of grid in graphic design and its application could be summarized in the following criteria:

Hierarchy

It helps to organize and prioritize the elements within the design. Indeed, the grid helps to keep the content organized, aligned, clean, and structured. In other words, it gives hierarchy to the elements. It makes it easier to judge which is more outstanding. Guide at sight for better visual navigation.

Balance

It gives balance and constancy to the composition. It offers balance to the design in a symmetrical or asymmetrical way, but always consistent.

Importance of Grid in Graphic Design • Ilka Perea Studio

Aesthetics

It provides beauty to the design. This clarity translates into a pleasing experience for the eye. It gives the design aesthetics and visual elegance. These characteristics are appreciated by the audience or viewers of the design. Josef Müller-Brockmann points out that “The reduction of the number of visual elements used and their subordination to the grid system produces an impression of conciseness, intelligibility, clarity and order in the design. This order strengthens the credibility of the information and generates confidence in the receiver”.

Efficiency

It makes the graphic designer’s job easier. The use of the grid speeds up the design process. Indeed, it makes the work faster, easier and better. It helps to save time by being a guide to place each type of content in its respective place.

Designers make thousands of decisions about concept, materials, style, shapes, typography, dimensions, color, placement, proportion and size. When the grid is determined in advance, the designer can spend time with the other parts of the project. A well-defined grid can free up the thinking process by making some decisions off the table.

It is a natural and time-saving solution for most design projects. Regardless of the medium for which the grid is being used, it can be reused over several pages reducing the time needed to build a new one.

White spaces or negative spaces in Graphic Design
White spaces or negative spaces are resources that offer elegance, direction, and legibility to the design. Photo: Fotografía de Moda en CEFERE .

Perception

Preview the spaces for each element. It is easy to distinguish the places and spaces that each element of the composition will occupy, including negative spaces. Often the mistake is made of filling in all the spaces in the design giving a feeling of suffocation and oversaturation where nothing stands out. However, the grid helps to visualize which areas can serve as blank spaces or negative spaces to give air to the design and direction to the view towards the elements you want to highlight.

Interesting Insights

There are several considerations that must be taken into account before applying grids in a project. Once the importance of grid in graphic design has been understood, as a next step, I recommend identifying the components of the grid.

The grid system is an aid, not a guarantee.

– Josef Müller-Brockmann

Before concluding I would like to point out that the use of the grid is a guide. The importance of grid in graphic design is focused on the benefits of working with a well-structured guide simplifying the work.

However, sometimes the designer must follow his instincts and go outside the framework of the grid. Timothy Samara in his book “Designing with and without the Grid” deals with this issue. But to break the rules, you must first learn them.

Bibliography

Design books: Grid Systems • Ilka Perea Studio
Books for Graphic Designers
  • Sistema de Retículas. Un manual para diseñadores gráficos. Josef Müller-Brockmann. Editorial Gustavo Gili. 2017.
  • Diseño y Comunicación Visual. Bruno Munari. Editorial Gustavo Gili. 2016.
  • ¿Qué es el diseño? Isabel Campi. Editorial Gustavo Gili. 2020.
  • Visual Language for Designers: Principles for Creating Graphics That People Understand. Connie Malamed. Rockport Publishers. 2009.
  • Fundamentos del Diseño Gráfico. Richard Poulin. Promopress. 2016.
  • Gramática Visual. Christian Leborg. Editorial Gustavo Gili. 2013.
  • Fundamentos del Diseno. Wucius Wong. Editorial Gustavo Gili. 1998.
  • Diseño gráfico: Nuevos fundamentos. Ellen Lupton. Editorial Gustavo Gili. 2016.
  • Becoming a Graphic and Digital Designer: A Guide to Careers in Design.  Steven Heller y Veronique Vienne. 2015.
  • Diseño gráfico. Fundamentos y prácticas. Dabner David. BLUME. 2014.